About 48 per cent of children in India are suffering from some degree of malnutrition. According to the UNICEF, water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea and respiratory infections are the number one cause for child deaths in India. Children weakened by frequent diarrhoea episodes are more vulnerable to malnutrition and opportunistic infections such as pneumonia. With 638 million people defecating in the open and 44 per cent mothers disposing their children’s faeces in the open, there is a very high risk of microbial contamination (bacteria, viruses, amoeba) of water which causes diarrhoea in children. Also, diarrhoea and worm infection are two major health conditions that affect school children impacting their learning abilities.
The importance of public health programmes on hygiene and prevention tools.
There are many organisations and public- private collaborations working to improve access to toilets, improving drainage facilities and creating awareness through education campaigns on the importance of preventive tools such as hand washing. Hand washing with soap is among the most effective and inexpensive ways to prevent diarrhoeal diseases and pneumonia. Poor wash causes diarrhoea, which is the second biggest cause of death in children under five years. According to the Public Health Association, only 53 per cent of the population wash hands with soap after defecation, 38 per cent wash hands with soap before eating and only 30 per cent wash hands with soap before preparing food. Only 11 per cent of the Indian rural families dispose child stools safely. 80 per cent children’s stools are left in the open or thrown into the garbage.
We work on this sensitive issue by creating awareness and cleanness drive. also we are part of “Swaccha Bharat Abhiyan” and help people to make toilets and necessary arrangement for cleanness.